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Wisconsin Crop Weather Report

Issued June 18 for Week Ending June 17, 2018

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates

The Wisconsin Crop Weather Report is updated weekly by the Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service.

Vol. 18, No. 12

Spotty Storms Miss Some, Flood Others

There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 17, 2018, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Planting was largely complete this week, with producers putting in the last few fields of soybeans and corn silage. Haying and spraying were major field activities early in the week as sunny weather predominated. The weekend brought hot, humid conditions and spotty thunderstorms to much of the state. Rainfall totals varied from a trace to over 4 inches, with hail, flooding, and erosion damage reported in some areas. Heat and moisture boosted crop development, particularly in northern and central Wisconsin where soils have been dry. However, many reporters noted that rain is still needed in their area.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

Wisconsin Crop Conditions
Item V-Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
Corn 0 1 9 60 30
Hay, All 0 2 12 59 27
Oats 0 1 9 68 22
Pasture & Range 0 2 14 58 26
Potatoes 0 0 3 72 25
Soybeans 0 2 11 60 27
Winter Wheat 0 2 15 57 26
Source: USDA, NASS, Wisconsin Field Office.

Corn emerged was at 96 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of the 5-year the average. Corn condition was 90 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-six percent of the state’s expected soybean acres have been planted, 1 day ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Eighty-eight percent of the state’s soybeans have emerged, 4 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the average. Soybean condition was 87 percent good to excellent.

Potato condition was rated 97 percent good to excellent.

Oats emerged was at 97 percent, 4 days behind last year and 2 days behind the average. Oats headed was reported at 33 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the average. Oat condition was 90 percent good to excellent.

Winter wheat was 72 percent headed, 2 days behind last year. Four percent of winter wheat was coloring. Winter wheat condition was 83 percent good to excellent, 2 percentage points below last week.

The first cutting of alfalfa was reported as 85 percent complete, 2 days behind last year, but 7 days ahead of the average. The second cutting of alfalfa was just starting. All hay condition was reported 86 percent in good to excellent condition, up 3 percentage points from last week.

Pasture condition was rated 84 percent in good to excellent condition, compared to 86 percent in good to excellent condition last week.

Wisconsin Crop Progress
Crop and percent
of acreage
District Average State Average
Alfalfa Hay, First Cutting 72 85 87 86 84 83 87 92 78 85 70 88 75
Corn Emerged 95 96 94 97 95 90 98 100 89 96 87 93 91
Oats Emerged 92 93 96 97 98 98 99 100 99 97 92 99 98
Oats Headed 13 46 49 24 36 14 40 49 29 33 12 20 27
Soybeans Planted 96 96 93 97 94 92 99 99 93 96 92 95 92
Soybeans Emerged 92 83 86 92 88 77 93 92 76 88 73 81 80
Winter Wheat Headed 68 89 51 56 53 73 66 94 71 72 50 78 n.a.
n.a. = not available

Selected Quotes from Farm Reporters and County Ag Agents
All comments are used in creating this report, but only a few are published below.

BAYFIELD/DOUGLAS-C.B.: Substantial rainfall causing severe flooding throughout the area. Too early to tell about how much crop damage there will be.

CHIPPEWA-T.P.: Some rain is needed as precipitation was light (0.25 inches) this week along with warm and windy conditions. Crop growth continues to progress nicely as most corn is in the V5 to V6 stage. Soybeans are in V2 stage with many fields receiving herbicide applications. Alfalfa regrowth looks nice. Other than weeds, not much for pests in crops.

CLARK/PRICE/TAYLOR-D.M.: The area received some muchneeded rain on Sunday night, but with reports of as much as 5 inches, some areas are flooded. Prior to the rain, pastures were stagnating and hay yields were down from the dry conditions. Hail damaged some crops on 6/13 on the north end of the county.

MARINETTE-L.B.: Much-needed rain received yesterday.

EAU CLAIRE-M.H.: Significant rainfall and wind last night. Crops are looking good. Most corn will be waist high by the Fourth of July.

MARQUETTE/WAUSHARA-D.B.: Hot and dry conditions took a toll on areas with no rain. Some areas got 4 plus inches and some got nothing. Very spotty.

WAUPACA-D.L.H.: The area received a beneficial rain Friday/Saturday amounting to 1.5 inches. Crops are growing well, have good color and have caught up to or exceeded normal expectations for mid-June.

DOOR-A.B.: We are very dry. Most hay fields have not seen any moisture since first crop was taken off 2-3 weeks ago. Row crops appear to be handling the lack of moisture fairly well so far, but we need the rain soon. Wheat looks nice, but is shorter than usual this year. The dry weather has allowed for spraying and other field work to continue at a decent pace.

MANITOWOC-M.R.: We received approximately 1.5 inches of much-needed rain across the county on Friday into Saturday. That was the first real measureable rain since before Memorial Day. Not saying that completely saves the crops, but it sure did help before the heat over the weekend. There was definitely some uneven emergence on corn/soybeans from the dry spell between when it was planted around Memorial Day and this past week.

FOND DU LAC/ WASHINGTON-B.B.: Weed control was the main field activity this period. For the first time this season, moisture is short for the newly emerged row crops on thinner soils -- even with a half-inch rain on Friday. The crops would benefit by an inch of rain.

VERNON-K.L.: Farmers finished up planting corn and soybeans. Early planted corn is knee high already. Could still have a few farmers taking hay off and planting short day corn. Crops look very good, but could use a little more rain. Lots of spraying completed this week.

COLUMBIA-G.K.: Heavy localized rains this past weekend have caused erosion and flooding of low lying areas. Rainfall amounts from 2-5 inches fell over a period of 2 hours on Saturday night. Scattered rain showers this past week also caused challenges for farmers trying to bale dry hay.

DODGE-M.P.: A lot of side dressing and spraying being done. Some dry hay was made before the rain on Friday. Crops are looking good right now.

Wisconsin Weekly Weather, Selected Cities
Ending as of 7:00 am on June 17, 2018

City Temperature Growing degree days
(modified base 50) 1/
Avg max Avg min High max Low min Avg Avg
dep from normal*
Mar 1 to Jun 16 Mar 1 to Jun 16
Last week Since
Jun 1
Jun 1
dep from normal*
To Date
dep from normal*
Eau Claire 81 61 86 55 71 +5 833 682 0.15 0.85 -1.38 13.97 +1.39
Green Bay 79 58 84 55 69 +5 732 601 1.44 2.17 +0.45 14.90 +3.62
La Crosse 84 66 94 60 75 +6 1013 777 0.13 1.55 -0.41 16.68 +3.75
Madison 79 61 89 56 70 +4 844 765 2.98 3.31 +1.28 21.90 +8.47
Milwaukee 74 60 84 55 67 +2 705 n.a. 1.08 1.93 +0.20 17.61 +2.94

T = Trace. n.a. = not available.
1/Formula used: GDD = (Daily Maximum (86°) + Daily Minimum (50°)) / 2 - 50° where 86° is used if the maximum exceeds 86° and 50° is used if the minimum falls below 50°. Explanation.
*Normal based on 1971-2000 data.
Data from the NCEP/NOAA Climate Prediction Center
For more weather data, please reference the following sites: http://www.noaa.gov/ http://www.aos.wisc.edu/~sco/ http://www.cocorahs.org/ http://www.weather.gov/

This report has been made possible through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, and the National Weather Service.

For climate normals and growing season data for a specific Wisconsin county, first go to our Wisconsin County Home Page, then select your county, then click on the Climate Table link in the left margin for that county.

Current Crop Report with Graphics at USDA

Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service

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